This invaluable addition to Civardi's collection of highly rated instructional art books illustrates and describes the importance of understanding the inner workings of the human body, from the theory of drawing accurate pictures of life with pencil and paper.
This comprehensive manual provides the perfect introduction and reference guide to drawing in human form, whether you are an experienced artist or a practicing student learning the art of living painting.
Preface to the fourth edition Preface to the 1st edition
General information about anatomical research Anatomy Definition 11 Anatomy and Art: Notes on History Morphological method 14 The concept of normality and change Anatomical topography and terminology Evolution, race, constitution type, sexual dimorphism A statement on macrostructure Note 32 on microstructure General information about human body shape General Information on Human proportions 34 Historical development of proportionality criterion
Anatomy of the motor system: General Information 42 Skeletal components: Osteology The Joint Section: Arthrology 51 Muscle composition: Myology 54 Bones and Muscles on the naked body reference point 66 Skin system Superficial vein 68 Subcutaneous adipose tissue
The system of motion systemsTen big network gambling regular platform解剖 介绍72 75头 - Comments on external forms -骨学77 - Arthrology 88 -- Muscular System 89 - Artistic expression of interest in head muscles 91 -眼睛100 ——鼻子/ ——嘴唇/ ——耳朵/ -- The role of facial muscles in expression 主干109 - Comments on external forms 112 year spine -骨学112 - Arthrography 114 -- Muscular system 117 118 years of neck -骨学118 - Arthrology 118 胸部119 -骨学119 - Arthrology 120 腹部123 -骨学123 - Arthrology 123 -- The Muscular System - Torso muscles interested in artistic expression 132 ——脖子159 ——肩膀/ -腋窝 -胸部163 -肚脐165 - External Reproductive Organs 165 -臀部166 上肢/ - A description of the external form -骨学169 - Arthrography 172 -- Muscular system 174 - Artistic expression of interest in upper limb muscles ——手臂196 ——肘部/ -前臂198 -手腕199 -手200 下肢203 - Comments on external forms -骨学205 - Arthrology 208 -- Muscular system 209 - Lower extremity muscles interested in artistic expression 218 -大腿232 -膝盖233 -腿234 -脚踝/ ——脚236
附录 Anatomy and mapping: From Structure to Shape Instructions on the static and dynamic dimensions of the human body 242 Bibliography 250 Anatomy Index 252